Haptic models

The HAPTICA project is about developing a scientific path within the field of aesthetics that will emphasize haptic aspects of movement, touch, taste, and smell in relation to a creative gestalt process.      

Our vision will be to show how different senses interact with each other and refute the division of our senses into ‘higher’ or ‘lower’ categories.

We will not exclude vision or sound, but rather emancipate all our senses by focusing on the common shared haptic experience within our tactile-, smell- and taste senses as explained in survey of the field for a definition of haptics.


The Fusion of the Senses (FoS) model defines 8 senses: placing kinaesthetic and proprioception in the center, to underline the importance of felt movement for all the senses. In the outer circle of the model, there are 6 icons illustrating the different sense modalities: tactile-finger, haptic-hand, audio-ear, smell-nose, taste-mouth, and vision-eye. The sixth sense, haptic in the upper right-hand corner is illustrated as a hand-grip to emphasize the act of exploration and creation. By adding haptic and presenting all six modalities in a rotating circular formation no fixed hierarchy is built up. The model implies the emancipation of the “lower sense” and supports equality between the senses.

This revised version of the fusion of the sense model builds on the original model by Akner Koler (2007 p10).  which in turn was inspired, in part, by the German philosopher Alexander Baumgarten’s. In 1735 Baumgarten published his thesis Aesthetica, where he defines the field of aesthetics as the “science of sensuous cognition” (Shusterman 2000, 263–7 [1992]). The term sensuous means the fusion of all our senses, and the concept, fusion emphasizes embodied knowledge.

HAPTIC attributes of the HAND

HAPTIC attribute of the MOUTH & NOSE